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Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Open BAV

The opening of a BAV resembles the open mouth of a fish, leading to the term “fish mouth” valve.
How is BAV treated? For those with bicuspid aortic valve and other trileaflet members of their family requiring treatment, medical treatment is focused primarily on blood pressure optimization. The aortic valve and aorta are monitored, and may require surgery at some point. Monitoring is done using imaging technology to assess the heart and aorta. At some point, surgical intervention may be needed. Some individuals may have multiple surgeries over the course of their lives. In addition, the existence of any other congenital heart defects, issues with other heart valves such as the mitral valve, and any heart arrhythmias are also identified and treated as appropriate. The potential for brain aneurysm development is also recognized. All of these areas may be included when planning the course of treatment for an individual. There may be a great deal of variation between individuals, and a focus on developing a course of treatment suited to that individual is based on the results of tests along with discussion of family history and lifestyle of each individual. 
Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Closed BAV

When closed, it may be difficult to distinguish a BAV from an aortic valve with all three leaflets.
BAV and Athletes

It is very possible that someone with BAV is present at sporting events of all kinds. Many of them are serious athletes.
BAV is Common

It is very likely that you know someone with BAV. It could even exist in your family or extended family without you knowing about it.
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